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Association "Dr. Maria Reiche - Lines and Figures of the Nasca Culture/Peru"

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Aerial View

The mystery

History

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1926
The Peruvian archaeologist Mejia Xesspe discovers the geoglyphs. Thirteen years later he publishes his theories, which say that the lines could be religious-ceremonial streets.

1941
The American culture historian Paul Kossok does the first fieldwork and takes several hundred aerial photos. On June 22nd, the winter solstice, he observes a long line in the Pampa, which goes nearly exact in the direction of the sunset. He comes to the conclusion that the lines have an astronomical meaning and calls the plateau “The greatest astronomical book of the world”.

1946
Maria Reiche starts her work at the plateau at the request of Kossok. She is also convinced of the astronomical background and believes to see a huge calendar installation. This would be matching with Spanish chronicles of the 16th century according to the Peruvian must be in the possession of a calendar, which is created on exact sky observations.

1969
In a limited area of the Pampa the American astronomer Gerald Hawkins utilizes measurements with a theodolite with the help of mathematical statistics. Because of his results he rejects the thesis of the calendar.

Beginning of the ‘80s
Aveni and Urton carry out statistical investigation in the Pampa de Nazca on a higher level then Hawkins and they come to the end that the astronomy had played also a roll at the creation of the lines.

1994
The association “Dr. Maria Reiche – Linien und Figuren der Nazca-Kultur in Peru” is established in Dresden and a little bit later the research project “Nazca” of the University of Applied Sciences Dresden is found with the target to continue the research of Maria Reiche and to keep her legacy.

 

 
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